Geomorphology – What is Geomorphology

What is Geomorphology

Geomorphology drived from Greek words. Geo means earth, morph means formation and logy means study. Moreover, it is a study about the formation of the earth. It is a branch of physical geography (Learn more about geography)

so the Definition of geomorphology  is:

The branch of physical features of the surface of the earth and their relation to its geological structure.It’s a scientific study of landform and all process that help to shape them.



History of geomorphology:-

Undoubtedly Many scientists work hard to develop science. Some famous are:


Firstly, A work of history the book contains a wealth of geography. Description covering much of the known world. Secondly, He is the first who noted the process of large rivers. Thirdly,  the Nile, build up dalta and observing that winds that tend to below from colder region to warmer region.


Firstly, He was a famous person in Geography. He was a philosopher and noted that earth shadow during an eclipse is curved and also that stars increase in height as one moves north. Secondly, Earth has spherical shape using evidence from observation of lunar eclipse. Thirdly, He also observed the formation of springs and water cycle etc.


Firstly, He observed the sinking and rise of land, value of temperature as a result of earth quack. Secondly, His volume series called geographia . In this, he described the cultural geographia( cultural geomophies ) of various societies found from Britain to the east of India. And south to Ethopia and also north to Iceland.


Above all, He observed the nature of earthquake, winds, the power of stream, genetic relation between earthquake and decomposition.

Davis Geomorphic cycle:-

Davis stated that geomorphic processes, without further complication from tectonic movement. later on gradually wear down the raw topography uplifting and denudation takes place ultimately. In old ages, uplands turn in to plain lands through planation processes. Wind moving, water, mass things that change our earth. It gives us an example of precipitation.

Types of geomorphology:-

Types of Geomorphology

There are three types of geomorphology:

  1. Physical Geomorphology
  2. Chemical Geomorphology
  3. Biological Geomorphology

Click To Know Detail of Types

Geomorphic processes:-

geomorphic processes

There are major three types of geomorphic processes:

  1. Erosion
  2. Transportation
  3. Deposition

#1. Erosion:-

In other words Detachment and removal of fragment rock material by different agents (like water, ice, snow, plants, Animals, and humans) and weathering processes.


#2. Transportation:-

The movement of the material across the earth by different agents like water, wind, ice or gravity. Similarly, It excludes the physical processes of traction, suspension and saltation and the chemical process of solution.


#3. Deposition:-

Overall It is the geologic process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform or land mass.



Firstly, Geomorphology is a study of the earth formation. Secondly, Like other scholars, geographer represents its geomorphology Definition. Other subjects geomorphology has its history and has three types. Thirdly, It has also a geomorphic process ( Erosion, Transportation, Deposition ).



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